Culture & Heritage
Some traditions of Bastar give you a mysterious world which amaze you with their unique traditions. The behavior of the forest dwellers force us to think that there is much more in this world , which is centuries old, is alive in its original form. Dussehra is celebrated with enthusiasm across the country, symbolizing the victory of good over evil. On this day, Lord Rama slaughtered Ravana and liberated Sita from his bondage. On this day, an idol of Ravan’s effigy celebrates. But Bastar is a unique place in India where Dusshera is celebrated for 75 days and the effigy of Ravana is not burnt.
This unique Dussehra is celebrated in Bastar in tribal-dominated area of Chhattisgarh and is known as ‘Bastar Dashara’. The fame of ‘Bastar Dashara’ is now a days such that the tourists from different parts of the country and world also come to see it. Bastar Dussehra begins with the greenery of the new moon in the month of Shravan (Savan). On this day, the first wood is brought from the forest to build chariots. This ritual is called Pat Jatra. This festival runs till Dushara and ends with the ritual of Muria Durbar. In this ritual, the Maharaj Darbar of Bastar listens to the problems of the public. This festival is the most celebrated festival of the country
The Pyramids of Egypt draw attention to the whole world, are included in the eight wonders of the world. But Bastar also has little less wonders. There is a similar tradition here, in which the memorial of the family is made after the death. Even if it is not as grand as Egypt, but it is definitely unique. This tradition is known as the deceased pillar. The custom of making dead pillars in Maria and Muria tribe in South Bastar is more prevalent. They are called “Gudi” in the local language. In ancient times, where the ancestors were buried in the tribes, a wide and sharp stone was placed 6 to 7 feet high. The stones were brought away from the hill and other people in the village used to help in bringing them.
Ghotul tradition is popular in Madia tribes of Bastar. In Ghotul young boys and girls come to celebrate any festival moments and they are free to choose their own life partner . Ghotul also got social acceptance. There is a mud cottage built on the edge of village. Many times Ghotul has open floors instead of walls.